Growing Strawberry Plants

Fragaria : Rosaceae / the rose family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
        P P            

(Best months for growing Strawberry Plants in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • P = Plant out (transplant) seedlings
  • Easy to grow. Plant with crown (of roots) just covered.. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 20°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 30 - 100 cm apart
  • Harvest in approximately 11 weeks. Strawberries bruise easily when ripe, handle carefully. Pick with a small piece of stem attached..
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Better in a bed on their own to allow good sun and air circulation
  • Avoid growing close to: If you are using rotation beds, avoid putting strawberries where you have grown tomatoes, potatoes, peppers or eggplant
  • Ripening fruit
  • Strawberry plants

Strawberries are low-growing leafy plants which grow 12 - 15 cm (about 6 inches) tall and will spread to about 50 - 100 cm (20 - 40 inches). They have five petalled white or pink flowers. The flowers are followed by the delicious red fruits (which have their seeds on the outside).

Later in the season the plants send out runners like thin stems across the garden which will take root to form new plants. Cut them off and leave the parent growing. You can transplant the runners or let them grow where they rooted to produce new plants.

At the end of fruiting, trim off old yellow leaves and clean up any mouldy fruit still attached.

Strawberries like well drained soil with plenty of humus. To prepare your bed, dig in some compost before planting and possibly use a liquid fertiliser during the growing season. Well fed strawberries taste better.

To protect the fruit from moulds and mildew use some form of mulch around the plants. Straw, pine needles, or black plastic are all suitable. Mulch will also help suppress weeds.

Protect your plants with some sort of netting or bird scarer or you will lose most of your crop!

Strawberry plants often need replacing after a few years as they get affected by viruses and stop producing well.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Strawberry Plants

Pick strawberries and eat them straight from the garden warm from the sunshine - delicious!

Strawberries can be used in any dessert needing soft fruit or berries. Summer pudding (which also has raspberries and blackberries or boysenberries), mousse, trifle, dipped in melted chocolate or just with cream.

Sprinkle a bowl of strawberries with balsamic vinegar and a little sugar to enhance the flavour and colour.

A quick jam of diced strawberries cooked in the microwave with an equal weight of sugar until completely soft won't keep but can be used right away.

Your comments and tips

10 Nov 23, Denise (USA - Zone 5b climate)
New to gardening. I have several strawberry plants in raised planters that I planted in early summer. Wondering if I should bring them in to our attached garage to protect them from freezing this winter? Thanks!
12 Oct 23, Gayle in Mississippi (USA - Zone 8b climate)
Hi! Can someone suggest a place to buy strawberry plants. I started some from seeds, but only 3 sprouted, so I need more. I live in zone 8b, which has some hot summers. I'm looking for hardy super sweet strawberries. Thank you.
01 Oct 23, Anonymous (USA - Zone 8b climate)
I saved seeds from strawberries, planted them inside under lights, they sprouted after a long wait and are growing. Plants are tiny and growing very slow. How big should they be before planting outside? It's Oct 1st, zone 8b here. Thank you
03 Oct 23, Anonymous (USA - Zone 8b climate)
Try late October. They should have 6-8+ leaves. Protect them from the sun the first week or two.
05 Oct 23, Gayle (USA - Zone 8b climate)
Thank you! I'll do that.
30 Aug 23, Laura Geisel (USA - Zone 10b climate)
I have ever earring plants, which are new this year. How do I care for them in the fall/winter? And when will they start producing again next year? Thx
13 Jul 23, Ellen (USA - Zone 8b climate)
After plants have made fruit, how to I care for them in the hottest time of the year (July & August)? Then how to I care for them during winter?
13 Jul 23, (USA - Zone 8b climate)
After the fruiting period, it's best to trim off any old yellow leaves and remove any mouldy fruit that may still be attached. This helps maintain plant health. Over winter applying a layer of mulch around the base of the plant provides insulation, helping to regulate soil temperature and retain moisture.
18 May 23, Mari (USA - Zone 9b climate)
How best to get rid of worms in my strawberry plants?
19 May 23, (USA - Zone 11a climate)
Pick them out.
Showing 1 - 10 of 65 comments

I have had excellent results growing SEASCAPE day-neutral strawberries in Zone 10a in containers. 100 plants produced over 100 pounds of medium to large sweet tasty berries. Enough for daily smoothies and strawberry desserts galore for 4 people constantly spring-autumn + freeze enough for daily smoothies all winter long. Schedule: Manure mixed in fall, plant in January, harvest May-November consistently, ½ strength 5-5-5 fish fertilizer weekly. Blended eggshells and water spread throughout the year + occasional Epsom salts make for plenty of firm, sweet rich red berries. Tried many other varieties in zone 10a - none came close to producing what SEASCAPE did. Grew a few Chandler too for one brief crop of GIANT JUNE strawberries. Good Luck!

- Joe

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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