Growing Garlic

Allium sativum : Amaryllidaceae / the onion family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • P = Plant cloves

September: Garlic can overwinter. Cover with a good layer of mulch . In areas where frost persists into March/ April, expect to harvest your garlic in June/July.

October: Garlic can overwinter. Cover with a good layer of mulch . In areas where frost persists into March/ April, expect to harvest your garlic in June/July.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvested in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant but in better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much, maybe just a single large bulb.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stir-fry.

Your comments and tips

17 Mar 23, Donna (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Can I plant garlic now (mid March) I have some that has sprouted... or to late this year?
12 Mar 23, Kay (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I live in Logan and would love to grow garlic but have had no success so if you can provide name of garlic and where to get the corms please Thanking you Kay
17 Mar 23, marco (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
google .organic shop vegetables. you can pick up 3 organic hard neck for about 10 dollars ... australian red for gold coast or logan ...soak in water , i use worm compost water for 1 night before planting ..
15 Mar 23, Anonymous (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Buy from a nursery Bunnings Boondie Seeds or on the internet. Plant soon late April to June.
07 Mar 23, Emma (Australia - tropical climate)
Good afternoon, I am trying to find a supplier for SOFT NECK GARLIC to plant in a home garden not commercial, I live in Far North QLD in the Tablelands (Dambulla). Would like some information as to time to plant or any other types of GARLIC that would grow well here. Thanking you in advance!
10 Mar 23, Rod (Australia - temperate climate)
Emma, try Tasmanian gourmet garlic. They sell to people up here like us. If you're in Danbullah you are probably subtropical or temperate (like us at Lake Eacham). They have some great information on their website as well. Start of May is the time to plant, depending on how wet it is.
05 Mar 23, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
The temperature in the freestate goes down to minus 10 ⁰c and 39 ⁰c in summer. Can i plant garlic to grow during the winter here?
16 Mar 23, Celeste Archer (Canada - Zone 5a Temperate Warm Summer climate)
I generally have garlic in my compost -- little bits that have maybe rotted a bit, and I can't even imagine how they grow -- but anyhow ---- I dig kitchen scraps directly into the garden over winter. Winter here gets down to about -10c for short periods of time (several nights in a row, for half a dozen hours at a time) -- generally winter temps are closer to -3c at night. Anyhow, come spring the areas where I have dug in kitchen scraps directly into the garden are usually sprouting : potatoes and garlic (among other things). So despite that I am actually planting garlic in winter, it will not grow until spring. I also grow garlic via the two year method (collecting seeds called bulbils - planting them immediately upon collection (so fall) )-- they grow in spring -- and then next year, they grow the garlic. Depending on the TYPE of garlic you are growing you can get 60 or more bulbils from one flower -- so this is economical if you have the SPACE. Again, the garlic is overwintered directly in the garden. In my area/zone, you have to yank out garlic if you don't want it -- because it just seems to grow and grow (same thing with fuchsia and potatoes).
06 Mar 23, (South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical climate)
It says to plant Feb to April.
03 Mar 23, Clement Lephallo (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Good evening everyone. I'm in Lesotho where we have high summer rain fall and cold winter. I want to plant garlic therefore I would like to know the right season to start planting garlic.
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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