Growing Cauliflower

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  S S P                

(Best months for growing Cauliflower in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 86°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 24 - 39 inches apart
  • Harvest in 15-22 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard
  • Mature cauliflower

Large leafed cabbage-like with a white 'curd' or flower forming in the centre. It can be hard to grow successfully. More frost sensitive than most brassicas, it's also not particularly heat tolerant. They tend to fail if stressed when transplanting.

Watch for cabbage white butterfly. Grow better in cooler temperatures. Not suitable for warm areas. Break a leaf over the head to prevent the curd becoming discoloured

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cauliflower

Cauliflower can be eaten raw, steamed, stirfried, grilled, or roasted. Popular grated and steamed/stirfried as a low-carb rice substitute.
Cook briefly and add to curry mix.
Traditionally served with cheese sauce. Add tomato slices for colour.
Toss with oil and spices and roast/grill until browned and delicious!

Your comments and tips

07 Mar 21, Lea Zimmer (Australia - temperate climate)
I have grown cauli from seeds. In a greenhouse. Have noticed holes in the leaves thinking it was snails I put crushed egg shells in the pots along with snail bait, only to find last night small green caterpillars, happily munching away on a new leaf. I sprayed the entire plant with soapy water in a squeeze bottle. Was that the right thing to use. Even though I used bait I would rather have used something natural. Help needed
10 Mar 21, colleen (USA - Zone 10b climate)
The most effective organic solution to your problem is B.t. (B. thuringiensis). It's a naturally occurring bacteria that only targets the caterpillars but is harmless to everything else. Soapy water can be useful for aphids but probably won't do much to the cabbage loopers unless you use so much soap that you risk harming your plants.
09 Mar 21, Darren (Australia - temperate climate)
Neem oil will get rid of the caterpillars, if you don't feel confident to pick them all off. Follow instructions on bottle.
08 Mar 21, Anonymous (Australia - arid climate)
Look up on the internet organic sprays for cabbage/caulies.
22 Nov 20, (Australia - temperate climate)
I have applied cabbage moth dust to my cauliflowers and there is some eggs on some leaves , is there anything else i can do or will the dust kill there development, thank you
23 Nov 20, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Squash the eggs with your fingers.
09 Jan 21, gary (Australia - temperate climate)
thanks brainwave
10 Sep 20, Elizabeth (Australia - tropical climate)
I live in Nigeria. I love cauliflower so much and I am very interested in growing it in my house garden, is there any advice I can get to grow it?
14 Sep 20, Anonymous (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
It is probably too hot in Nigeria, needs cool climate in winter.
20 Aug 20, dennis (Australia - temperate climate)
how can i get bigger caulie heads , what do the commercial growers fertilize them with ?
Showing 1 - 10 of 196 comments

Look up on the internet organic sprays for cabbage/caulies.

- Anonymous

Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply

All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately

Gardenate App

Put Gardenate in your pocket. Get our app for iPhone, iPad or Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests

Planting Reminders

Join our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter.

Home | Vegetables and herbs to plant | Climate zones | About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy

This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs.