Growing Brussels sprouts

Brassica sp. : Brassicaceae / the mustard or cabbage family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec

(Best months for growing Brussels sprouts in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • S = Plant undercover in seed trays
  • T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings
  • P = Sow seed
  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 45°F and 86°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 18 - 24 inches apart
  • Harvest in 14-28 weeks. Pick sprouts when small. .
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard
  • Mature brussels sprouts
  • Young plant (CC BY-SA 3.0 WikiMedia)

Grown for its small (typically 2.5 cm diameter) leafy green buds, which resemble miniature cabbages.

Suited to growing in cooler climates.

Brussel Sprouts will not grow good "sprouts" in warm areas - they open and are floppy.

In warm areas they are likely to become infested with aphids. Pick formed sprouts from the bottom of the stems leaving the plant growing. For winter use in very cold areas, dig up plants that have heads developed and set close together in a cold frame or cellar. Pack soil firmly round the roots. Keep cool but not freezing and they will continue to mature. (Planning an Idaho Vegetable Garden: Educational Communication online Publishing Catalog Gardening www. edComm/catalog.asp.)

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Brussels sprouts

Remove any discoloured outer leaves.
Cut in half and steam with other vegetables.
Do not overcook as that produces the distinctive smell that puts people off eating Brussels sprouts!
They go well with a chopped tomato and onion mix.
Traditionally served with roasted chestnuts for Xmas dinner in UK.

Your comments and tips

10 Sep 23, Janna Wallace (USA - Zone 8b climate)
I’m planting Brussel sprouts now from seed in zone 8B for the first time, any suggestions?
14 Sep 23, Anonymous (USA - Zone 8b climate)
Plant in Feb as the guide says.
26 Apr 23, Lynda (USA - Zone 8b climate)
I am a first time gardener with brussels sprouts. I live in zone 8B in Texas. We are at the end of April and the Google play said I can still direct sow the seeds and get a crop. Is this true?
08 May 23, Anonymous (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Plant now. It's worth a try.
17 Mar 23, Adrian (New Zealand - temperate climate)
What is the best defence against White Butterfly ?
22 Mar 23, Untea kiwi (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Derris dust
21 Mar 23, (New Zealand - sub-tropical climate)
Insect netting.
31 Dec 22, Michael (New Zealand - temperate climate)
When is the best month to plant young Brussel sprouts plants so they mature in the colder weather?I am in Auckland
21 Dec 22, Karen (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
We have had Brussels sprouts growing in the community garden, would be better to plant them in cooler months or plant them just before the cooler months so we can harvest them. Brassicaceae same as cabbage and Broccoli, cauliflower to avoid the cabbage moth from eating the leaves? we don't like to use chemical sprays. All natural.
05 Dec 22, Raymond Stroud (Australia - tropical climate)
Not a listing for thailand but it's hot and dry most of the year Can sprouts be grown here, im not sure but I would like to try Any advice that could help appreciated
Showing 1 - 10 of 192 comments

Gardenate advises plant in SEPT. They need cool or cold weather for best results.

- Anonymous

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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