Growing Artichokes (Globe)

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  S   P                

(Best months for growing Artichokes (Globe) in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Easy to grow. Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 15°C and 18°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 160 - 200 cm apart
  • Harvest in 42-57 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Needs a lot of space. Best in separate bed
  • Ready to harvest
  • Globe artichokes

Superthistles growing to 1.2-1.3m high with a spread of 1.2x1.2m . Very pretty, can be part of a herbacious border.

Harvest from second year. Artichokes grow particularly well in sandy soil. Can be propagated by suckers or offsets. In temperate/warm areas a well fertilised plant will live for about five years and throw up suckers each year. Artichokes aren't hardy enough to overwinter in areas with very cold winters. In cold areas choose a hardy variety from a local supplier and grow it as an annual, with 10 days' exposure to cool daytime temperatures during spring. Transplant only when all danger of frost is past in your area. Aphids and earwigs can be a nuisance.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Artichokes (Globe)

Pick buds before scales develop brown tips .
If you have lots of small buds, they can be fried in olive oil and eaten whole.
Rinse in plenty of cold water to remove earwigs or other insects.

Your comments and tips

24 Jul 21, Angela Muto (Canada - Zone 5b Temperate Warm Summer climate)
I live in Toronto Ontario can my artichoke plant survive ontario winter
27 Jul 21, Liz (New Zealand - temperate climate)
It will probably die down in the frost, but if you leave one head to go to seed and save some, you can start new plants in the Spring.
26 Jun 21, Heidi (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I have some globe artichoke seeds and have found mixed information about when to sow seeds in Brisbane, Australia (approx US 9b). Can anyone in similar zones share experience?
29 Jun 21, Anon (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
You are in artichokes - Brisbane is subtropical - see www.gardenate.com/plant/Artichokes (Globe)?zone=3
10 Apr 21, Pam (USA - Zone 5b climate)
I love this site and all the very useful information you share!
09 Feb 21, Joseph Thomas (USA - Zone 9a climate)
What is the best artichoke species for Tucson Arizona zone 9?
06 Jan 21, Judy (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I planted my artichokes in the wrong place. Can I transplant them at the end of winter while they are dormant? I planted them in Nov 2020
01 Jan 21, Dani (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Must the artichoke plants be covered or cut down in winter, we are in Kempton Park, Gauteng and we do have frost in winter I have 30 plants about 500mm tall and will be trans -planting 40 more seedlings grown from seed in approx 10 days. Regards Dani Pera.
05 Jan 21, Anon (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Read the notes here, harvest 42-57 weeks, so chopping them down or covering them would probably kill them.
12 Dec 20, John Chrystal (USA - Zone 8a climate)
I had 2 of 3 over winter last year with no preparation and enjoyed 3 dozen tennis ball sized bulbs. For this year I started 2 dozen more, half green globe and half purple. 18 survived they went into the ground (French Mound beds) in late July. Now I’m wondering should I feed them and/or mulch them and if so, with what?
Showing 1 - 10 of 106 comments

Must the artichoke plants be covered or cut down in winter, we are in Kempton Park, Gauteng and we do have frost in winter I have 30 plants about 500mm tall and will be trans -planting 40 more seedlings grown from seed in approx 10 days. Regards Dani Pera.

- Dani

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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