Growing Sunflower

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05 Apr 22 Stella Vance (USA - Zone 7a climate)
When is the best time to plant sunflowers or any flowers from seed?
10 Apr 22 Celeste Archer (Canada - Zone 7b Mild Temperate climate)
Most seeds have what is know as a "germination" temperature -- this ensures that seeds do not germinate in the middle of winter. Here are some basic germination temperatures in F ==> Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) 70 Wax Begonia (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum) 70-75 , Annual Aster (Callistephus chinensis) 70 , Vinca (Cathranthus roseus) 70-75 , Cockscomb (Cleosia spp.) 70-75 , Bachelor's Button (Centaurea cyanus) 65-70 , Cosmos (Cosmos spp.) 70 , Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) 75 , Globe Amaranth (Gomphrena globosa) 70 , Sunflower* (Helianthus annuus) 70 , Strawflower (Helichrysum bracteatum) 70-75 . Furthermore the germination temperature needs to be sustained -- so for example if the temperature hit 70f for a couple of hours in the middle of the day and the reset of the time the temperature is 40f ==> germination will probably not occur. Sustained temperatures is how the seed KNOWS it is spring/summer -- when you start your seeds indoors, you are tricking the plant into thinking it is spring and the temps are good and it is a good time to germinate (the seedling will not freeze to death). The average flower temps are around 70f for germination. Herbs tend to require much higher germination temps and that is why many people have difficulty growing them from seed -- Rosemary being one of the worst: Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) 80-90 °F (27-32 °C). If you plant your seeds before OPTIMAL germination temperatures are present, you do risk rotting the seed if the ground is very wet... but for the most part, the seed will just lay dormant until all of its germination conditions are met- then it will germinate.
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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