Growing Garlic

Allium sativum : Amaryllidaceae / the onion family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • P = Plant cloves

September: Garlic can overwinter. Cover with a good layer of mulch . In areas where frost persists into March/ April, expect to harvest your garlic in June/July.

October: Garlic can overwinter. Cover with a good layer of mulch . In areas where frost persists into March/ April, expect to harvest your garlic in June/July.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes

Your comments and tips

16 Mar 23, Celeste Archer (Canada - Zone 5a Temperate Warm Summer climate)
I generally have garlic in my compost -- little bits that have maybe rotted a bit, and I can't even imagine how they grow -- but anyhow ---- I dig kitchen scraps directly into the garden over winter. Winter here gets down to about -10c for short periods of time (several nights in a row, for half a dozen hours at a time) -- generally winter temps are closer to -3c at night. Anyhow, come spring the areas where I have dug in kitchen scraps directly into the garden are usually sprouting : potatoes and garlic (among other things). So despite that I am actually planting garlic in winter, it will not grow until spring. I also grow garlic via the two year method (collecting seeds called bulbils - planting them immediately upon collection (so fall) )-- they grow in spring -- and then next year, they grow the garlic. Depending on the TYPE of garlic you are growing you can get 60 or more bulbils from one flower -- so this is economical if you have the SPACE. Again, the garlic is overwintered directly in the garden. In my area/zone, you have to yank out garlic if you don't want it -- because it just seems to grow and grow (same thing with fuchsia and potatoes).
06 Mar 23, (South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical climate)
It says to plant Feb to April.
03 Mar 23, Clement Lephallo (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Good evening everyone. I'm in Lesotho where we have high summer rain fall and cold winter. I want to plant garlic therefore I would like to know the right season to start planting garlic.
26 Mar 23, thabang mapetja (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I am also in Lesotho, last year I planted it in early March and harvested end of October.
02 Mar 23, Aggie (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi live in South Australia when is the best time to plant my Garlic
03 Mar 23, (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Check the guide in the garlic section for your climate.
02 Mar 23, Elizabeth (Australia - temperate climate)
new to growing garlic. do I fertilise the soil prior or is it not necessary ? thank you =)
03 Mar 23, (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Depends on the quality of your soil now. If fairly rich no need for it. Or let them grow to say 15cm and if looking a bit weak give some fertiliser. A clinched handfull to 8-10l of water.
10 Feb 23, Jorel Neville (USA - Zone 7b climate)
Which is best, hard neck or soft neck in zone 7b? Charlotte area
29 Jan 23, marco (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
i am getting my beds ready for my garlic crop .i live on the gold coast Queensland .i will be planting first week of march .i am after glen large garlic .has anyone have any idea whare i can pick some up without the postage costs ...
Showing 21 - 30 of 860 comments

I planted Australian Purple Garlic. Think it's the wrong variety. Grew ok..I think? But has been fairly static for a while. Confusing reading on garlic. Some say plant march and harvest in September.7 months. Most others say it's a 9 month crop. Any advice please. Tia John.

- John Downey

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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