Growing Cauliflower

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  S S P                

(Best months for growing Cauliflower in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 86°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 24 - 39 inches apart
  • Harvest in 15-22 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard

Your comments and tips

21 Aug 20, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
A lot of commercial vegies around here are fertilised with Nitrophoska with the trace elements in it $36 a 25kg bag.
21 Aug 20, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I'm sub tropical and I don't even try to grow caulies. They need a cool cold climate. An agronomist told me the other week cauli, broccoli, cabbage, lettuce need it to be cool/cold to form a head. I have tried growing them but end up with huge leafy plants and no or little head, reason, over fertile soil. To really be on the ball on growing them you would have to have a soil test done, then a specific fertiliser would have to be applied. You may only have a small time window to plant them, say April to mid May. Talk to an agronomist in your area if you can.
28 Aug 20, T.Bah (South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical climate)
There are cauliflower varieties adapted to hot climate. Even cabbage, broccoli etc. Check SAKATA seeds or Global seed company.
16 Jun 20, Melanie (USA - Zone 9a climate)
What is the best variety of cauliflower to grow in zone 9a?
12 Jun 20, Pamela Hopkins (New Zealand - cool/mountain climate)
Why does the cauliflower curd open up before fully grown Is it frosts that turn the flower brown
15 Jun 20, Anonymous (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Google the questions - answers are there.
04 May 20, (USA - Zone 7b climate)
I am new to gardening and want to grow cauliflower in my raised bed garden, where can I get good seeds and when can I plant the seeds?
17 Sep 20, Daniel Stephens (USA - Zone 9a climate)
I buy my seeds at and both have great seeds and selection is very good
25 Mar 20, Graham (Australia - temperate climate)
From Melbourne is it to late to grow Cauliflowers from seed if planted today.
26 Mar 20, Anon (Australia - temperate climate)
The info here is a guide, you have to look at your local conditions. If you plant now the crop will depend on whether you have a warmish or a cold winter. Approx 18-20+ weeks to grow, so won't be ready until near end of August. If the crop doesn't grow very good this year then you will know to plant earlier next year. OR just go and buy some seedlings then you have a better chance. Raising seedlings is a bit of an art especially the cabbage lettuce broccoli caulies etc.
Showing 11 - 20 of 196 comments

We're taking a break and there will be delays processing comments over the holiday season. Happy Christmas and Happy New Year!

I have grown cauli from seeds. In a greenhouse. Have noticed holes in the leaves thinking it was snails I put crushed egg shells in the pots along with snail bait, only to find last night small green caterpillars, happily munching away on a new leaf. I sprayed the entire plant with soapy water in a squeeze bottle. Was that the right thing to use. Even though I used bait I would rather have used something natural. Help needed

- Lea Zimmer

Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply

All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately

Gardenate App

Put Gardenate in your pocket. Get our app for iPhone, iPad or Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests

Planting Reminders

Join our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter.

Home | Vegetables and herbs to plant | Climate zones | About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy

This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs.