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Planting in Canada - Zone 3a Temperate Short Summer regions

Planting in April - Gardenate

Beans - broad beans, fava beans (also Fava bean) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Brussels sprouts Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Capsicum (also Bell peppers, Sweet peppers) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Cauliflower Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Chilli peppers (also Hot peppers) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Collards (also Collard greens, Borekale) Plant in garden.
Cucumber Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Eggplant (also Aubergine) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Kale (also Borecole) Plant in garden.
Leeks Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Lettuce Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Luffa (also Loofah, plant sponge) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Mizuna (also Japanese Greens, Mitzuna, Mibuna) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Mustard greens (also gai choy) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Onion Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Oregano (also Pot Marjoram) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Pak Choy (also Pak choi) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Pumpkin Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Rutabaga (also Swedes) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Shallots (also Eschalots) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Spring onions (also Scallions, Bunching onions, Welsh onion) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Squash (also Crookneck, Pattypan, Summer squash) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Sweet Marjoram (also Knotted marjoram) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Tomato Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Turnip Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Zucchini (also Courgette/Marrow, Summer squash) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.

Planning for May

Beans - climbing (also Pole beans, Runner beans, Scarlet Runners) Plant in garden.
Beans - dwarf (also French beans, Bush beans) Plant in garden.
Beetroot (also Beets) Plant in garden.
Broccoli Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Brussels sprouts Plant in garden.
Burdock (also Gobo (Japanese Burdock)) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Cabbage Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Carrot Plant in garden.
Chicory (also Witloof, Belgian endive) Plant in garden.
Chives (also Garden chives) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Collards (also Collard greens, Borekale) Plant in garden.
Coriander (also Cilantro, Chinese parsley) Plant in garden.
Corn Salad (also Lamb's lettuce or Mache) Plant in garden.
Cucumber Plant in garden.
Dill Plant in garden.
Endive Plant in garden.
Garlic Plant in garden.
Horseradish Plant in garden.
Jerusalem Artichokes (also Sunchoke) Plant in garden.
Kale (also Borecole) Plant in garden.
Lettuce Plant in garden.
Marrow Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Mint (also Garden mint) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Mizuna (also Japanese Greens, Mitzuna, Mibuna) Plant in garden.
Mustard greens (also gai choy) Plant in garden.
Oregano (also Pot Marjoram) Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Pak Choy (also Pak choi) Plant in garden.
Parsley (also curly leaf parsley or flat leaf (Italian) parsley) Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Parsnip Plant in garden.
Peas Plant in garden.
Potato Plant in garden.
Pumpkin Plant in garden.
Radish Plant in garden.
Rhubarb Plant in garden.
Rocket (also Arugula/Rucola) Plant in garden.
Rutabaga (also Swedes) Plant in garden.
Shallots (also Eschalots) Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Snow Peas (also Sugar Peas, Mangetout, Chinese Peas) Plant in garden.
Spinach (also English spinach) Plant in garden.
Spring onions (also Scallions, Bunching onions, Welsh onion) Plant in garden.
Squash (also Crookneck, Pattypan, Summer squash) Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Strawberry Plants Plant in garden.
Sweet corn (also maize) Plant in garden.
Sweet Marjoram (also Knotted marjoram) Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Thyme (also Common thyme) Plant in garden.
Turnip Plant in garden.
Zucchini (also Courgette/Marrow, Summer squash) Plant out (transplant) seedlings.

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Recent comments/tips

  • 25 Apr - Raymond
    Many thanks for your helpful comments
    in Pumpkin
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    Hi, I live in Perth and I would like to purchase an edible Taro Tubers. For planting and eating.
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    Garlic is not hard to grow. Get someone to read the information on garlic growing on this site. Click on 'vegetables & herbs and select 'garlic'. You can buy garlic cloves from fruit shops and nur...
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  • 25 Apr - John
    It is not a good idea to replant cabbages in the same soil that you have just harvested cabbages from. The risk from soil-borne diseases and nutrient deficiencies would be the main problem. You wo...
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  • 25 Apr - John
    They may be perennial but it would be better to treat them as an annual and replant them each spring. This would also give you young, vigorous plants.
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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