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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

17 Jul 17, Soola Thoo (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Can I put garlic gloves into soil in July/august and still be able to get harvest?
15 Jul 17, Barbara (Australia - temperate climate)
Just wondering if I cut off the green tops for stir fry as suggested it does not hurt the bulbs growing?
03 Aug 17, Bev (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Your bulb depends on the sugars developed by the leaves - so if you cut the greens to eat you are compromising the bulb. The bulb will still form when its ready, but it will be smaller
17 Jul 17, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Maybe try shallots - easy to grow and can grow most of the year.
15 Jul 17, mick (Australia - temperate climate)
Never had any success growing garlic from supermarket stock despite the shoots being green signalling it's time to plant. I bought 2 rather expensive bulbs and planted out 6 weeks ago. The plants seem to be powering on but I'll see what they look like in December/January. Really hopeful they will work as we consume a lot of garlic...which Woolies and Coles are now selling for $25/kg. Any suggestions as to fertiliser applications, or not, during the growth cycle?
09 Jul 17, Kerry smith (Australia - temperate climate)
My Galic I planted started to shoot but then it died back. I though that the bulbs had rotted. When I went to dig them up last week they all have roots and small green shoots that have not pushed through the surface yet. I planted then at the end of may beginning of June and have covered then over with soil again. Will they grow I'm abit confused as to why the green shoots died back
08 Jul 17, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Is possible to grow Galic along RichardsbBay area.If possible at what time of the year.What type of soil is the best to grow it
12 Jul 17, Man (Australia - temperate climate)
garlic is not for july, but for February, march and april. hope I helped!
23 Jun 17, Gregory (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Can garlic be plant in northern cape
21 Jun 17, Johan Fernandes (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Witch cultivar (name) is the most popular one to plant? Where can i find cloves? Is Febr - March the wright time to plant? Can i buy cloves from the fresh market?
Showing 1 - 10 of 483 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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